The Anglo Scot
Anglo-Scot, Anglo-Scotch, Anglo-Scottish or more rarely Scoto-English or Scots English are terms applied to people and things that are identified with both England and Scotland.
Most commonly, it is used to refer to people born in, brought-up in, or long-term resident in England who have significant Scottish ancestry, or born and brought up in Scotland with English ancestry.
The term Anglo-Scot is most often be used to refer to people of dual English and Scottish heritage or in a more pejorative sense, for a Scot who is perceived to be excessively anglicised.
Unlike other similar terms (e.g. Anglo-American) Anglo-Scot does not imply dual nationality, as English and Scottish people share British citizenship status, hence the majority of people identified as Anglo-Scots tend to be UK citizens.
Both the former British Prime Minister, Tony Blair, and current the incumbent, David Cameron, could be termed Anglo-Scots, but for different reasons. Tony Blair was born and educated in Scotland to a Scottish family but has spent most of his life in England. David Cameron was born and educated in England but has Scottish ancestry.
Unlike Irish Britons whose Irish-born and ancestral numbers can be quantified as approximately 10% (6 million British people having at least 1 Irish grandparent) It is not known how many English people have Scottish ancestry as there is no census
The Anglo-Scottish border (or English-Scottish border) is the official border and mark of entry between Scotland and England. It runs for 154 km (96 miles) between the River Tweed on the east coast and the Solway Firth in the west. It is Scotland's only land border; England shares a longer border with Wales.
Although it had long been the de facto border, it was legally established in 1237, by the Treaty of York between England and Scotland, with the exception of a small area around Berwick, which was taken by England in 1482. It is thus one of the oldest extant borders in the world, although Berwick was not initially fully annexed by England. (It was not included in Northumberland for parliamentary purposes until 1885.)
For centuries until the Union of the Crowns the region on either side of the boundary was a lawless territory suffering from the repeated raids in each direction of the Border Reivers.
Following the Treaty of Union 1707 which united Scotland and England to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, the Border continues to form the boundary of two distinct legal jurisdictions as the treaty between the two countries guaranteed the continued separation of English law and Scots law.
Hadrian's Wall is a stone and timber fortification built by the Roman Empire across the width of what is now northern England. Begun in AD 122, during the rule of emperor Hadrian, it was the first of two fortifications built across Great Britain, the second being the Antonine Wall in what is now Scotland. Hadrian's Wall is the better known of the two because its physical remains are more evident today.
Opinions differ, but the growing consensus is that the Wall was built as a readily defended fortification which clearly defined the northern frontier (Latin: limes) of the Roman Empire in Britain (Britannia). It would also improve economic stability and provide peaceful conditions in the frontier zone.
Hadrian's Wall, for centuries the boundary between Britannia (roughly modern England and Wales with the exception of the parts of England north of the wall) and Caledonia (modern Scotland) is often used as a popular reference to the border, especially in humorous contexts, although Britannia occasionally extended as far as the Antonine Wall. Hadrian's Wall lies to the south of the modern border, entirely in England.
Scots often refer to England euphemistically, as 'South of the Border'. Conversely, English people sometimes refer to Scotland as 'North of the Border'.